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François Delpech

François Delpech

Portrait of Adrien Duport - Circa 1820

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Adrien Duport (6 February 1759 – 6 July 1798) was a French politician, and lawyer.

Adrien Jean Françoise Duport was born in Paris. Elected in 1789, to the states-general by the Paris nobility, he displayed remarkable eloquence. As a jurist, he contributed during the Constituent Assembly to the organization of the judiciary of France. In his report of March 29, 1790, he advocated trial by jury; but failed to introduce the jury system in civil cases.

Duport formed with Barnave and Alexandre de Lameth a group known as the "triumvirate," which was popular at first. But after the flight of King Louis XVI to Varennes, Duport tried to defend him; as a member of the commission charged to question the king, he found excuses, and on July 14, 1791, he opposed the formal accusation. Having separated himself from the Jacobins, he joined the Feuillant party. After the Constituent Assembly, he became president of the criminal tribunal of Paris, but was arrested by Danton during the insurrection of 10 August 1792. He escaped, thanks to evidence provided by Jean-Paul Marat, and fled to Switzerland. He returned to France after the 9th of Thermidor of the year II (27 July 1794), and left it in exile again after the republican coup d'état of 18 Fructidor of the year V (4 September 1797). In 1798, Duport died from tuberculosis in Appenzell, Switzerland.

Francois-Seraphin Delpech (1778-1825) was a French lithographer known for his portraits of personages of the Revolution and First Empire. At the beginning of the 19th-century, Delpech ran the most popular lithographic print shop in Paris. Delpech not only made beautiful lithographic prints from his own designs, but printed lithographs after designs by other artists, and sold these prints in his shop.

Lithography was a relatively new art form, invented by Alois Senefelder (1771-1834) in Germany around 1798. In 1811, Senefelder published The Invention of Lithography, which was soon translated into English, French, and Italian, and the popularity of the technique soared.

Sources: Princeton University Library; Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Artist: Francois-Seraphin Delpech (1778-1825)
Medium: Lithograph on paper.
Condition: Good condition.
Dimensions: 25 x 17 cm. / 9 3/4 x 6 3/4 in. (sheet); 18 x 13 cm. / 7 x 5 in. (view).
Frame: 28 x 23.5 cm. / 11 x 9 1/4 in. Gild wood, very good condition.
Origin: France.
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